SITL 2018 was marked by a very complete programme of conferences concerningthe urban logistics. 4 rconerences organised, moderated by Jérôme Libeskind and Bruno Durand, constituted highlights of this event.
The first conference: immediate or ontime delivery was an opportunity to confront the models of immediate delivery. Why are we immediately delivered, which are needs? A pertinent question of the assistance questioned us. Cannot we be more slowly delivered to better consolidate deliveries and to deliver greener? This pertinent question remains however brought forward in comparison with practices. Laetitia Dablanc (IFSTTAR) explained us that immediate deliveries already represent 3 – 5 % of the flows in Paris but 10 % in New York. Colisweb explained us the different models already developed in 30 cities, in ship-from-store from shops or drives. Star s Service explained us that these quick deliveries are part of the model of the group, which however wants to support its frame of full time jobs, certainly more a lot than the model of sef businessmen, but more stable and guarantee of quality. Arnaud Marlois (Fleeters) developed an application which contacts the distributors, not only in the big urban areas. Stephane Tuot (Franprix), explained the stake of immediate delivery for a distributor, to face up big e-traders. Franprix was always innovating in service terms to the consumer and immediate delivery is part of it. To find a balance between social, environmental model and answer to the need of instantaneity of the consumer is a true challenge, in the heart of problems of the urban freight.
The second conference was bout stakes of data it in last mile deliveries. For a long time, the transport does not limit itself to activities of physical movement of the goods. Data is in the heart of all concerns. It concerns for example the model of the intermediation platforms, rapidly developing. Elizabeth Charrier (FNTR) explained us the position of the transport profession aiming at not rejecting these platforms, which constitute a technological progress, but to guarantee a confidentiality of data and not to enter a frame of dependency. Michel Leclerc, lawyer specialised in platforms and collaborative economy (Parallel lawyers), reminded us of the legal framework of these platforms, who for many of them are not commissioners of transport and explained us the state of European debates on this subject. Eric Petit(Ecolie Logistique), explained us his job in order to geolocalise the flows of a parcel distributor and the stakes of the flow optimisation. Xavier Hua (Institut du Commerce) shortly reminded us the works which were done on the ultramutualisation concept and its possible application for the urban freight. Isabelle Bardin stressed the lack of reliable data on the scale of an urban territory, allowing to simulate in an optimum way the flows of the goods. Isabelle Bardin also recalled the subject of CDU (consolidation centre), based on exchanges of data between transport companies to regroup deliveries. The result of CDU in France remains mitigated. Finally Stephane Cren (GS1) introduced us the recent works of GS1 on the flow mutualisation.
On Thursday, March 22nd, the 3rd conference of this programme was centered on Swiss and German experiments in urban logistics. The international benchmark is necessary to share the knowledge and to advance in solutions. Matthias Hormuth (PTV group) explained us the involvement of the PTV Groupe in the implementation of tools to optimise the urban freight, notably for deliveries in cargobikes. Ville Heimgartner (Imagine Cargo) introduced us the business model of this company, developed in Switzerland, Germany and Austria, aiming at cities delivery in cargocikes and at use, for regional distances, small containers located inside the regional trains. Harry Salamon (Mercedes Benz) explained us the experience developed in Zürich of goods collect with drones and landing of the drone on the roof a Mercedes vehicle to perform the last mile. Samuel Denaes (Kratzer automatization) explained us the interest of TMS developed by Kratzer to optimise the flows in the city.
The last conference of this cycle, with which large scope covered drones, delivery robots and cyclologistics, was probably the one who attracted the largest public. Jean-Luc Defrance (Geopost) explained us as the drone can be an efficient means of delivery in remoted areas. Technology of the drone evolves very quickly and natural obstacles (wind, rain, altitude, delivering load) become less and less restrictive. On the contrary, regulation remains complex, notably in the cities. Vincent Talon (TwinswHeel) explained us that the droide developed by TwinswHeel, already in service, can allow to reduce the costs of delivery, while remaining 100 % green. Bruno Durand underlined that the presented equipments all have places in the city, with however segments and different uses. Xavie Laÿ (Bluedistrib) explainedus the different models of Bluedistrib, notably the use of lockers to recharge electrical scooters batteries or as urban logistic micro-space. Francisco Luciano, for a long time applauded, explained us with passion the effectiveness of the models of cyclologistics to deliver the cities. The bike is not marketing in logistics, the technological advances allow to set up pertinent logistical models with biportors, bikes trailers, of cargobikes or of quadricycles. Francisco Luciano introduced us a bike (therefore less than 250 w) with 6 wheels, allowing to increase the load. The cyclologistics is there only at its beginning and will constitute a solution for city centres, on the condition of having the use of local hubs in the city centres.
Thanks to all attendants at these conferences, which accepted to share their knowledge, their experience and to exchange with the participants on the different solutions.